Statins is a group of drugs (such as lovastatin and simvastatin) that prevents the production of cholesterol. However, it promotes the production of LDL-binding receptors in the liver causing a usually noticeable decrease in the level of LDL and a modest increase in the level of HDL flowing in blood plasma.
You might also love to read about Healthy habits of Billionaires
What is the work of statin?
Statins are the types of drugs that can lower the cholesterol level in the body. Also, they work by blocking a substance in the body which is needed to make cholesterol. Hence, lowering cholesterol is not the only benefit connected with statins. Statins have also been associated with a lower risk of heart disease and stroke. Thus, these drugs help to stabilize the plaques on blood vessel walls and reduce the risk of certain blood clots.
What are the side effects of statins?
Like all the other medicines, statins also have some side effects. Likewise, the side effects can vary between different statins. Most people tolerate the side effects well and do not have any problems.
Common side effects
The common side effects of statins include:
- Feeling sick
- Unusually tired or physically weak
- Problems in digestive system (such as constipation, diarrhea, indigestion or farting)
- Muscle pain
- Sleep problems
- Low blood platelet count
Uncommon side effects
The uncommon side effects of statins include:
- Being sick
- Memory problems
- Hair loss
- Pins and needles
- Inflammation of the liver (hepatitis), which can cause flu-like symptoms
- Inflammation of the pancreas (pancreatitis), which can cause stomach pain
- Skin problems (such as acne or an itchy red rash)
- Sexual problems (such as reduced sex drive or erectile dysfunction)
Rare side effects
The rare side effects of statins include:
- Muscle weakness (myopathy)
- Loss of sensation
- Tickling in the nerve endings of the hands and feet (peripheral neuropathy)
- Ligament problems (tendons are tough cords of tissue that connect muscles to bones)
Other medications of Statins
The doctor may prescribe the alternative types of medication to treat your cholesterol levels if you experience serious side effects or if you are not a statin candidate. The other types of medication include:
- Cholesterol absorption inhibitor
- PCSK9 inhibitors
- Bile acid sequestrant
- Combination cholesterol absorption inhibitor and statin
Alternate ways to lower cholesterol
There are other ways to lower the cholesterol level which involve lifestyle changes. Thus, the alternate ways to lower the cholesterol level are:
- Dietary changes
- Quitting smoking