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Ketogenic Diet: Implementation and Effects

Ketogenic Diet: Implementation and Effects, here we are going to give u a researched answer on how it works. Let’s dive into the topic.

High fat, satisfactory protein, low carbohydrate diet that is in use as medicine to treat epilepsy in children is called Ketogenic diet. This type of diet forces the body to burn fats rather than carbohydrates. The carbohydrates consume by our body turn into glucose and get around the body which acts as fuel for the proper functioning of the brain. 

keto diet

It lowers blood sugar and insulin levels. It shifts the body’s metabolism away from carbohydrates and towards fat and ketones.

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Ketogenic diet can be an effective way of losing weight and lowering the risk factors of the diseases. The increment of ketones plays an important role to lower blood sugar levels and improve insulin sensitivity which helps in losing weight.

Ketogenic Diet: Implementation and Effects Ketosis

A metabolic state in which the body uses fat as fuel instead of carbohydrates is said to be ketosis. Ketosis occurs when we significantly reduce our consumption of carbohydrates and limiting our body’s supply of glucose (sugar). Glucose is the main source of energy for the cells.

It is important to consume average amount of protein. Protein converts into glucose if it is consume in high amounts. Due to which the process to change into ketosis may slow down.

Implementation of Ketogenic diet

Implementation of the diet can present difficulties for the person who cannot take care of themselves and the patient due to the time dedication involved in measuring and planning meals. Any unplanned eating can break the required nutritional balance.

  • Initiation

The classic ketogenic diet protocol that has widely been adopted was initiated by The Johns Hopkins Hospital. The protocol involves a consultation with the patient and their caregivers and also a short hospital admission. There are certain risk of complications during ketogenic diet initiation, so most centers begin the diet under close medical supervision in the hospital.

  • Maintenance

After the initiation, the child must regularly visit the hospital outpatient clinic where he/she is seen by the dietitian and neurologist, and various tests and examinations are performed. Thereafter, the hospital visits are held every three months for the first year and then after every six months. A minor adjustment period is necessary to determine if consistent ketosis is in check and to adapt better meal plans to the patient.

  • Discontinuation

There are some children who discontinue the diet after achieving seizure freedom have about a 20% risk of seizures returning. The recurrence length of time is highly variable and average is two years. If the MRI scan shows focal abnormalities then it is likely to be the recurrence of the seizure.

Effects of Ketogenic diet

There are various adverse effects of Ketogenic diet. Some are:

  • Due to increased bone demineralisation with acidosis, excess calcium in urine occurs.
  • Hypocitraturia may occur as the urine has an abnormally low concentration of citrate, that normally helps to dissolve free calcium.
  • It also causes weight loss, constipation, dyslipidemia and dysmenorrhea occurs in women.
  • In children , the long-term use of the ketogenic diet increases the risk of slowed growth, bone fractures, and kidney stones.

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